wav The Waveform Audio file format associated with the .wav filename extension was a format developed through collaboration between Microsoft and IBM. It is an extension of the RIFF and was first released in 1991. It is one of the earliest standards used for encoding audio bit streams on personal computers. It is typically used for storing uncompressed raw audio files on the Microsoft Windows platform, however it enjoys cross platform support on Macintosh and Linux and does have support for compressed audio. Because of the relatively large file sizes of uncompressed .wav files, the WAVE format in unpopular for file distribution over limited bandwidth computer networks including the internet.
ape The data compression to get a lossless audio, a file format and an algorithm used is APE, also known as Monkey's Audio. This compression can retain data and not suffer losses during its compression as opposed to the other compressions with losses such as MP3, Musepack, ACC, and Vorbis. It encodes and compresses the audio to reduce transfer time, storage space. The audio extension APE is used for an audio file to track the metadata. The format is available freely for users possessing media players and playback plugins.