jpg The .jpg filename extension refers to digital photography files or digital images that are associated with the JPEG file format specification. The joint photographic experts group, or JPEG for short, is a file format from the 'lossy image' class of image formats. Many devices including smartphones with inbuilt cameras and professional digital SLR cameras support the JPEG/Exif file format natively. Such support allow images captured on these devices to be stored directly into the jpg format without conversion. Efforts towards standardization of the JPEG format first begun in 1992 with ISO/IEC 10918-1:1994
pdf The .pdf file format extension was developed by Adobe systems in 1993 as a means of presenting documents in a consistent manner across different platforms, hardware, operating systems, and applications. The format was not released as an open source document format until 2008, though minimal proprietary technologies still controlled by Adobe Systems exist in the format. Every .pdf document carries with it the necessary meta information required to properly reconstruct the text, fonts, and graphics used to produce the document. This ensures that documents will be viewed in exactly the same way the author intended regardless of the device used to open the document. From conception to date, Adobe Systems has continued to support the format adding features with every iteration of the standard including hardened algorithms for document encryption and privacy. Today, many freely available readers exist allowing you to open and view .pdf documents and create or convert other file formats such as .jpeg and .doc into .pdf documents.