wav The Waveform Audio file format associated with the .wav filename extension was a format developed through collaboration between Microsoft and IBM. It is an extension of the RIFF and was first released in 1991. It is one of the earliest standards used for encoding audio bit streams on personal computers. It is typically used for storing uncompressed raw audio files on the Microsoft Windows platform, however it enjoys cross platform support on Macintosh and Linux and does have support for compressed audio. Because of the relatively large file sizes of uncompressed .wav files, the WAVE format in unpopular for file distribution over limited bandwidth computer networks including the internet.
aiff The audio interchange file format, and its associated .aif filename extension, is one of the earliest uncompressed audio file formats released for personal computers. The format had its initial release in 1988 and was developed by Apple Inc. using the IFF ' interchange file format, developed by Electronic Arts, as a template. Because the format is inherently lossless, files tend to be large when pitted against lossy audio file formats. Because of this, .aif files are best suited for local storage and playback.