html The hypertext markup language, commonly referred to as HTML is at the backbone of the internet and World Wide Web. It is the standard markup language used in the creation of webpages and was released in 1993 at the advent of the internet. The format defines the structure and layout of a webpage through markup tags such as header tags and image tags from which a browser can interpret multimedia information for on screen presentation. To view files and webpages saved with the .html filename extension, one needs a compatible web browser that implements the HTML specification. Because the format is open source, several browsers which are mostly free to use can open such files. The World Wide Web consortium actively maintains and updates the html specification.
epub The ePub format is one of the many open source eBook file formats available. Initially released in 2007, it succeeded the legacy Open eBook format. The format was first defined by the Open eBook forum, part of the international digital publishing forum. EPUB digital books and publications all have the associated .epub extension and can be opened and viewed on any compatible device, software application, smartphone, or dedicated reader. The format is capable of optimizing the resolution of digital publications to suite the resolution of the device being used, making it inherently a 'reflowable' format.