html The hypertext markup language, commonly referred to as HTML is at the backbone of the internet and World Wide Web. It is the standard markup language used in the creation of webpages and was released in 1993 at the advent of the internet. The format defines the structure and layout of a webpage through markup tags such as header tags and image tags from which a browser can interpret multimedia information for on screen presentation. To view files and webpages saved with the .html filename extension, one needs a compatible web browser that implements the HTML specification. Because the format is open source, several browsers which are mostly free to use can open such files. The World Wide Web consortium actively maintains and updates the html specification.
azw3 The American company Amazon is a recognized powerhouse when it comes to all things related to books. Their proprietary eBook readers dubbed the Kindle which was first released in 2007 is a testament to this. The .azw file format is the filename extension associated with eBooks designed to be read on Amazon's proprietary Kindle device and through their free but closed source Kindle software for smartphones, PCs, and Macs. The format is incompatible with any device other than kindle and its associated software. In order to open files saved in this format on non-kindle devices, one would have to convert the file to another format such as the open ePub format or PDF. Some converters can also convert other formats into .azw files which can later be opened on a kindle device or application.