pdf The .pdf file format extension was developed by Adobe systems in 1993 as a means of presenting documents in a consistent manner across different platforms, hardware, operating systems, and applications. The format was not released as an open source document format until 2008, though minimal proprietary technologies still controlled by Adobe Systems exist in the format. Every .pdf document carries with it the necessary meta information required to properly reconstruct the text, fonts, and graphics used to produce the document. This ensures that documents will be viewed in exactly the same way the author intended regardless of the device used to open the document. From conception to date, Adobe Systems has continued to support the format adding features with every iteration of the standard including hardened algorithms for document encryption and privacy. Today, many freely available readers exist allowing you to open and view .pdf documents and create or convert other file formats such as .jpeg and .doc into .pdf documents.
jp2 The JP2 file extension, also known as JPEG2000, was created by the JPEG Committee in the year 2000. The JP2 succeeded the first JPEG Standard in 1992 which was cosine transform based. It features the use of a "wavelet-base", unlike its predecessor JPEG standards. This file format uses a different image compression method. The compression method involves altering certain sections of the image, in terms of quality reduction. This method of compression ensures smaller file sizes and optimal storage. The JP2 file format has made several improvements over the JPEG Standard since 1992. The JP2 files can make use of both the lossless and lossy compression techniques.