mp4 The MP4 file format and the .mp4 filename extension refer to the MPEG-4 part 14 digital multimedia format developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group. It is used as a multimedia container to wrap encoded digital video and audio streams, including subtitles and still images if required. In recent decades, the format has been popularized as one of the main standards for streaming media over the internet and other computer networks and for the digital distribution of large multimedia files. MP4 supports a large number of compression audio codecs allowing files in this format to maintain a relatively small size without discounting playback quality.
flac The FLAC file format associated with the .flac filename extension refers to the FLAC audio encoding algorithm. FLAC is the acronym for Free Lossless Audio Codec. The algorithm is from the lossless audio compression family of formats for digital audio compression. It was developed by the Xiph.Org foundation, a non-profit organization that produces open and free to use multimedia formats, and had its initial release in 2001. Though there isn't widespread compatibility for the format as compared to similar formats such as MP3, the FLAC format enjoys some compatibility and support with in car and home stereo manufacturers as well audio playback software and portable audio devices.